type: "html5", Past perfect simple or past perfect continuous? Question word Auxiliary Subject Verb Rest Answer; When: will: you: send: me the e-mail? { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Closed questions have simpe answers with few options. },{ var pbDesktopSlots = [ 2. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, We use the word order subject + verb: Who is the subject of the sentence and this bag is the object. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, bidderSequence: "fixed" "login": { var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, We’re actually going on our bikes. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, storage: { Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? } The answer cannot be yes or no: We usually form wh-questions with wh- + an auxiliary verb (be, do or have) + subject + main verb or with wh- + a modal verb + subject + main verb: When what, who, which or whose is the subject or part of the subject, we do not use the auxiliary. expires: 365 { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, pid: '94' We can add emphasis to wh-questions in speaking by stressing the auxiliary verb do. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, }); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { You can find the exercises at the bottom of the page. iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = british-grammar"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, type: "cookie", var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, You will need them very often to communicate in English. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, 'min': 8.50, syncDelay: 3000 {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, partner: "uarus31" { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, Wh-questions begin with what, when, where, who, whom, which, whose, why and how. The intonation of wh-questions is normally falling. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, When we make questions shorter, we usually put the preposition and its complement together: When we ask questions using verbs consisting of a main verb + particle, e.g. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; Present perfect simple or present perfect continuous? { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, WH questions are very common in English. },{ dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/questions-wh-questions"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, ), How old is your dog? { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, 'min': 0, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'cap': true googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); Questions: wh- questions - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, ), Questions: statement questions (you’re over 18?). var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, The second question could have many different answers (Japan, Brazil, Poland, etc.). Future 1 Simple (will), Erläuterung und Übungen. Open questions have many options. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, WH questions ask for information. }); Let’s look at an example of a yes/no question: Are you from Canada? { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, WH Questions are similar to YES/NO questions, but they have WH words at the start. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, With Larry. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, },{ {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Do you think you’re ready to try some tests? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, Wh-questions ask for information and we do not expect a yes-no answer to a wh-question. In English you will find two main types of questions: open and closed. Will future expresses a spontaneous decision, an assumption with regard to the future or an action in the future that cannot be influenced.. Form of will Future { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", googletag.cmd.push(function() { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, (non-emphatic question: So who lives there?). googletag.cmd.push(function() { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, Here are the six questions and their answers: (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); WH questions in the simple present use “do” or “be”. userSync: { WH Questions are similar to  YES/NO questions, but they have WH words at the start. or even more formal: Until when is she here? bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Example: Bob will wash the dishes tonight. } { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); Closed questions have simpe answers with few options. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, (to win) Answer: Will they win the match? { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, The lesson below shows you how to use them correctly. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, 'max': 3, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); I am angry because I did not pass my exam. The reporter wants to know how he will spend his money in the future. (more formal: And when is she here until? { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, Exercises on Future I Simple with will. We use no auxiliary verb. googletag.enableServices(); get up, set out (phrasal verbs), we do not separate the verb from the particle or preposition: to go in the direction of a place or thing, Cambridge Dictionary’s Word of the Year 2020, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, or Today’s date is what? We use the auxiliary verb do. var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, pbjs.que.push(function() { { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, }], "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, (formal), To whom should we send the invitation? { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "questions-wh-questions"); {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, "error": true, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); We can use wh-words and phrases after prepositions in more formal questions: In informal styles, especially in speaking, the preposition may be separated and placed at the end of the question clause: Who should we send the invitation to? params: { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Example: they the match? params: { And she’s here until when? ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, if(pl_p) window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); We expect an answer which gives information: Where’s the coffee machine? googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "british-grammar"); var pbTabletSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, Click on the links below to learn and practice. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, } 'increment': 1, I ask students the questions that a reporter might ask, then elicit how the winner would answer the questions. name: "pubCommonId", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, Use the links below: Grammar    Writing   Listening    Reading    Vocabulary    Pronunciation, IELTS   TOEFL   TOEIC   Business English   Logic Activities, Copyright © 2020 360Learning Inc.Home When the wh-word is the object of the sentence, the do auxiliary is stressed to make it more emphatic: When the wh-word is the subject of the sentence, we can add the auxiliary do to make it emphatic. Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown ga('set', 'dimension2', "entry"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + -. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, type: "html5", { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, const customGranularity = { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Task No. Let’s look at an example of a yes/no question: Now, take a look at similar question, but with a WH word: The first question had an answer of yes or no (Yes, I am from Canada). (more formal), For what reason did she leave him? { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, (more formal: Who are you travelling with?). { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, priceGranularity: customGranularity, var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, 'increment': 0.01, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, enableSendAllBids: false, },{ Teaching “(be) going to”… First, I show a picture of a man who won the lottery. name: "_pubcid", var pbHdSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, 1. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, name: "unifiedId", dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, Is your sister here too or just your mother? { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, }, 'max': 8, (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, userIds: [{ "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); pbjsCfg = { { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, "loggedIn": false bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, Here are some example questions and answers: With the explanation and examples, you can begin using who, what, where, when, why, and how questions. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, We stress do: Ronald Price lives in that house, doesn’t he? WH Questions Test – English Grammar Exercises, Yes No Questions Exercise (50 Questions! Do you need help? { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }},
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